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When we talk of the issue of immigration and immigrants, it is clear that different groups do go to different countries as a result of various reasons. These reasons may at times be similar, but there are other incidents were differences do exist. In this paper, I will compare and contrast Klingholz’s “Immigration debate: Germany needs more foreigners” and Coco Masters’ article “Japan to immigrants: Thanks, but you can go home now” to show such work related issues as employment, admission, and future demand predicaments concerning immigrants in Japan and Germany.
To begin with, it is quite clear that in both cases, the immigrants are faced with economic crises as a result of unemployment in their destination countries. This is why the Japanese government had to set aside USD 3000 to those who were jobless as well as USD 2000 for each member of the family in an effort to have them return to their home countries (Klingholz, 2010). Owing to the fact that the unemployment rate is on the increase, the Japanese government is working tirelessly to see to it and to make sure that a solution is arrived at in cutting down this rate and at the same time helping the unemployed. The country has also embarked on supporting such programs as job-counseling and Japanese-language training. These are all geared towards remedying the problem of unemployment. However, it is notable that the same program denies the Brazilians and their family members of their right of job reentry until that time when jobs are created.
Likewise in Germany, there are those who are unemployed and have found themselves in outwardly ineffective programs, despite the billions of Euros channeled to initiatives geared towards boosting employment. These groups of individuals have to remain in these programs until more job openings are available (Coco Master, 2009). While the Turks are one of the biggest immigrant groups in Germany, the major immigrant group in Japan is the Brazilians, who fall third after the Koreans and the Chinese. Notably, the Turk’s populace has been on the increase in Germany, with the Turkish women averagely having 2.1 children. On the other hand, the birth rate in Japan is much lower than in Germany. This has seen the foreigners in Japan only accounting for 1.7% of the country’s populace.
Another tenet of contrast between these two countries is evident in that Japan is actually not very ready to lose part of its labor force (provided by the immigrants) by closing itself off from more foreigners, while Germany has already stated that no immigrants- whether qualified or unqualified- are welcomed. Japan holds unto the immigrants since they provide readily available labor, especially in the automobile industries. Removal of these immigrants would mean that the country’s export-driven economy will face a collapse, with manufacturers being forced to cut down on their production. Germany, on its side, has ignored such warning signs that pertain to the economic role played by the immigrants and thus, many skilled worker positions have remained vacant (Fleischer, 2010). In addition, the fact that Germany’s immigrants remain to be considerably lowly productive stems from the undoubted fact that the country hardly permits qualified people into the country. Owing to the above mentioned, Japan has seen more immigrants with expertise flock into the the country, while Germany, on the other hand, has recorded higher percentages of people leaving the land known to be a land of engineers, thinkers, and poets. Moreover, immigrants in Japan have also been reported to be flourishing as a result of the move by the country to relax its immigration laws, thus making it quite easier for the foreigners not only to live but also work in Japan.
Both Japan and Germany resist immigration. As a country, Japan resists immigration in a manner that borders on xenophobia and at the same time, it is in pursuit of a repatriation program for the countable immigrants it has. This is a clear indication that the country is moving towards a demographic hara-kiri (Klingholz, 2010). On the contrary, the immigration policy of Germany has been rooted in certain reflexes, which have seen the borders of the country almost sealed. Germany’s asylum laws are considerably tougher than those of Japan and therefore, this has practically shunned away refugees. It can be concluded that the country’s immigration policy is in a schizophrenic state. Although on one side it is against immigration, on the other side it is also trying to prevent the country from being completely deserted (Coco Masters, 2009).
Another of the similarities between the immigration groups in both Japan and Germany is that there are projections that their aging populace will shrink by almost a third in the next few decades. This means that there is a need for additional younger population in these countries, since the aging one can hardly be in a position to be pivotal in the global economy. This means that for these countries to be relieved, they have to rely on foreign skilled workers so that they can be better positioned to effectively utilize their valuable infrastructures and at the same time remain competitive in the global market. This would greatly benefit the countries in the sense that besides adopting the aforementioned proactive practices of recruitment, family reunion policies will be warranted. For instance, following the stop by the Germans to recruit guest workers (back in 1973) was the principal avenue according to which immigration to the country was open to the family members who were abroad to join with their relatives in the country (Fleischer, 2010). All in all, there are a number of similarities and differences in work related issues affecting immigrants in both countries.
By comparison and contrast of Klingholz’s “Immigration debate: Germany needs more foreigners” and Coco Masters’ article “Japan to immigrants: Thanks, but you can go home now” it emerges that employment, admission, and future demand predicaments concerning immigrants in Japan and Germany are issues related to the presence of immigrants. The countries are faced with the dilemma of having too many immigrants who don’t find employment. However, the immigrants find employment easily in Japan (in automobile companies) while in Germany, they do not get jobs easily. The countries are similar in that they both resist immigration. Both countries are faced with the presence of an aging workers population and few young citizens to replace them, prompting the need for them to allow immigration in the near future for the sake of acquiring labor-force.
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