Travers and Newton-Francis are scholars whom their articles are based on the criminal justice in the society. In the articles, their main objective is to address the issue of criminal justice. They try to address the meaning relating to character of human beings in dealing with criminal justice in society. The essay will explore how ethnicity has affected the process of criminal justice in many societies, in America. However, the two authors have similar approaches in dealing with some issues, but they also differ in many ways when dealing with certain issues in society. In this essay, I shall compare and contrast the methods used by the two authors.
The two authors use the same methods in their articles to analyze criminal justice in the society. Some of the methods they both use include comparing the social phenomena that they are dealing with regarding the history of society. For instance, Travers (2010) in his article argues that comparison with the history is essential because it is used to build scientific knowledge in society. This can be compared to Newton’s article, which seeks to know how many advisors have tried answering the question.
In both cases, they use positivism whereby they advocate that experiments be carried out so that they can be able to find the problems that face the society. In this case, they both address sociology because they are dealing with matters of human significance in the society. The significant issues relating to humans that both the articles address is the role of gender in administering of criminal justice in a particular society. Notably, Newton-Francis (2009) tries to illustrate how qualitative, feminist methods are of considerable significance when they are included in gender discussions.
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Both articles assert that the offenders of the law discussed at length the skills they assumed a successively. The factors that they highlighted here include social skills, technical knowledge to produce fraudulent documents, and the general knowledge of the criminal issue at hand. In both cases, Miller (2007) notes that advance for the use of professionals to come up with a decision to administering of criminal justice in the society. For instance, there is the National Institute of Justice that has been established so that it aids in the administering of justice to the societies in the country. This will ensure that there is transparency in according of justice hence avoiding ethnicity in the country. Both articles advocate for increased representation of the minority so that their views can be considered when decisions are made regarding what affects their daily lives.
According to Bayens and Roberson (2010), the criminal justice is believed to be administered by the government. Both articles argue that justice can only be achieved if the government is at the forefront. In this case, the government will ensure that the citizens are treated the same way hence they will be avoiding ethnicity. To achieve this, many governments have carried out studies so that they reach an informed decision on how to sentence poorly represented groups such as the women.
In contrast, Newton’s article explores alternative frameworks and methodological approaches that can be utilized by the criminal justice system, to inquire on the marginalized voices; thereby, enhancing the chances of professionals to understand the criminal justice. On the other hand, Travers’ article uses the mixing method, which includes the positivist and the interpretive models to provide the acknowledgement of the philosophical assumption to underpin different program of empirical research.
In the article, Travers argues that criminology is behind sociology, and knowledge of sociology to recognize the significance of philosophical assumptions becausse positivism leads to the exclusion of alternative viewpoints regarding the audiences that have little interest in debating the issues affecting the society. The article by Newton mainly concentrates on the effects of criminal justice and its results on different ethnic groups. It explains the significance of viewing the criminal effects of a certain community in a different way from the other communities.
Newton’s article challenges a person to question the state whereby there is overreliance on the qualitative methods in the invasive myths about the victims and the offenders, institutionalized racism and sexism, as it produces the policies that reduce crime by a little fraction. On the other hand, Travers has encouraged the use of the qualitative methods in coming up with convincing decisions that they will use in dealing with criminal justice in the community.
The model used by Travers observes that using of natural science is an inappropriate model in the study of human beings. The model has advanced two different degrees that are concerned with programs that deal with crime and criminal justice involving interrogations and conversation. Newton-Francis (2009), advances that research regarding human beings is concentrated on natural science with the view to administer criminal justice; thus, a person should be in a position, to understand the natural occurrence of justice to every human being.
In conclusion, both writers have similarities such as, both advocate for experiments to be carried out to establish problems affecting the society. Another similarity is that the criminal justice has to be practiced by professionals in the society who are hired by the government, to implement the laws. However, they contradict in many cases whereby there are different methods used in the implementation of criminal justice in the society. In addition, they have different views regarding the qualitative method incorporated.