King Saul was the first ruler of Israel, and king David was the second ruler of Israel. King Saul failed to advance Israel due to his inherent weak will. During his reign, Saul left many goals unaccomplished. Those goals were achieved by his successor King David. King Saul was a leader chosen by God, which is why he was highly respected by the Israelites some of which he became successful. He took up the responsibility of his predecessors, and he fought many battles in Israel. With the blessing of God, he came out victorious in numerous battles of the Israelites. However, after the failure of Saul, King David took over and due to his brilliant skills he managed to rule Israel successfully. Despite the adultery sins that he committed, he was a great and wise leader. He used his wisdom for killing Goliath. Kings David and Saul are considered political leaders because they fought with the Philistines for political power and conducted political affairs.
The Philistine war was a great threat to the Israelites. During the reign of King Saul, he trained his warriors who fought with the Philistines and managed to force them out of the central part of Israel. However, the Philistines did not surrender to the Israelites; thus they attacked them from the southern part threatening the Kingdom of Judah. Saul was defeated and couldn’t surmount the political crisis, but when King David came into power, he managed to lead warriors in the battle against the Philistines. Therefore, he succeeded in conquering the Philistines, and thus Israel gained independence (Tushima, 2011).
Moreover, both kings are considered as the political leaders because they led people in political matters. During the reign of King Saul, there was a need for political leadership at the end of the period of the Judges. Many tribal issues and civil wars occurred at that time. The moral level of people as exemplified by the episode of Gibeah was low and this called for political leadership (Borgman, 2008). The Israel nation had to be consolidated because of the need to eliminate the enemies and set moral standards to govern people. Therefore, the people needed an anointed king. This was the time when Saul questioned himself for his failure. King David is also considered to be a political leader. This is because instead of enthroning Jonathan, the son of Saul, he made his son Solomon the heir to the throne.
King David is a political leader because he undertook institutional and administrative reforms during his reign. Apart from being anointed by God to lead people, he initiated cultural revival, which was continued by King Solomon. The wars of the Israeli people were a result of political chaos. David conquered many nations in these wars; therefore the culture of Israelites fell under the influence of these nations. The Phoenicians and Sidon in particular greatly affected the cultural development of Israel. David followed the Jewish traditions of mysticism and divine prestige; thus he became a religious idol.
Through his political power, King David created a strong empire embracing five districts. One of them was Tribal Kingdom that saw intense militarization and diplomatic marriages during the reign of King David. Another district was the Nation Kingdom, which set the alliance between King David and the tribes of the Israelites from the northern part of Israel. Additionally, he created a consolidated territorial state after the quarrel with the Philistines. He attacked the native Canaanites in the northern part such as the Megiddo, Taanach and others. These nations reduced in number; thus David took control of the entire kingdom comprised of all these regions. The last territorial entity that he created due to his political power was the multinational state. David broke through the borders of Israel and undertook a succession of military campaigns against all the people from the adjacent territories. The first were the Moabites, followed by the Edom and lastly, the Ammonites. David defeated them and captured the Ezion Geber, thus giving the Israelites access to the Red Sea. It was during the period of the Ammonite war that David committed a sin of adultery with Bathsheba.
Moreover, through political leadership and power of King David, the Israelites became a developed nation. Even though, David committed murder and adultery, he implemented some significant reforms in the state of Israel. He achieved all the objectives left by King Saul; for example, he built the biggest temple for worshipping God. He successfully managed the affairs with other tribes that brought profit to the Israelite nation. Thus, Israel became a wealthy state during King David’s reign. He built the greatest temple of God in Jerusalem. This made the region an official place for worshipping, and royal priests, the members of the court of King David were organized into priesthood. He laid the foundation for the division of the state into numerous administrative districts, organized the army and appointed officials.
However, King Saul failed to accomplish his goals during his reign. His reign ended in total failure with his awful death (Tushima, 2011). King Saul was not a powerful political leader because he seemed hopeless in the time of Israelite rebellion against the Philistines. It was King David who fought against the Philistines, and even killed Goliath who was a threat to the Israelites, as he had murdered many people. Moreover, Saul failed to build the nation of Israel and reduce tribal crisis. It was until the reign of King David that the tribal crisis was ended. This is because David waged wars successfully. He fought for independence of the Israelites from the Philistines, whereas the Philistines had defeated Saul. Thus, due to the inability of Saul to govern Israel his kingship was taken up by King David.
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King Saul was ultimately a ruler rejected by the Israelites, because he did nothing during his reign, and so Israel remained a poor country. The Israelites revered King David for restoring the Israelites and providing security to them. This was because of his strong and brave personality. David successfully managed to restore the state of Israel and made them a powerful and wealthy nation.
His downfall is thought to have happened due to the fact that he consulted witches, in particular, necromancer Endor, instead of seeking wisdom from God. Moreover, his doom was prophesized by Samuel (Borgman, 2008). .
In conclusion, Kings David and Saul are considered as political leaders because they fought with the Philistines for political power. Moreover, both are considered to be political leaders because they led people in political matters. King David is a political leader because he undertook institutional and administrative reforms in the time of his reign. Moreover, through his political power, he created a strong empire which embraced five districts. However, King Saul failed to accomplish the tasks that he began and so was rejected by the Israelites. This is because during his reign Israel did not make any progress until the time when King David came into power.
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