The thirteen colonies of the American empire were founded during the 16th and 17th century, from the need to communicate their opinions and fight those who did not share them. They were founded in the Atlantic coast of North America and they were active during the American Revolution which started in 1775. One year after the burst of the revolution, they declared their independence from the British Empire, event which allowed them to form a new nation now know as the United States of America. Even though all of them were fighting for the same purposes, the thirteen colonies had many differences. Nonetheless, as the thought of independence drove them, they had quite a lot of similarities as well.
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The thirteen colonies were rather separated by their personal system and technique of revolution as well as their own government. They were grouped into three categories, depending on their geographical location on land. The Northern Colonies were founded by Puritans, people who were against slavery and who fought for the equal rights of all people. The colonies were New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. They were probably the most self sufficient colonies at the time, as they developed diverse industries and agriculture techniques as well as a large industry of ship building, whaling and fishing.
The Middle Colonies were definitely the most diverse ones, as they had New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania, three of the most populated cities in all the American colonies, as well as Delaware. They were rather equal when it came to religion, they had diverse agriculture and industry technology but they did not seem to excel in something else than diversity and tolerance. The South Colonies were South and North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland and Georgia. They all relied on slavery and managed to increase their colony economy, as more and more Indian and African slaves were working for them. They had enormous farms, with diverse plantations, and their houses were very distant one from the others, as their social life was quite tedious.
Apart from the difference of geographical location, the Thirteen Colonies of America were differentiated by another aspect as well: the type of colonial enterprise. There were three types of colonies at the time, depending on the manner in which they were conducted. The roprietary colony is the one in which several land owners have the right to be regarded as a privilege of the state, as they resemble feudal fields for services they might be able to offer. In other words, those who had land could live by their own rules. Over the years, the government realized that this type of colonial enterprise was not beneficial to their colonies, because it lead to major administrative and financial issues. This is when they converted to crown colonies, where the King was the one to appoint privileged people in the state and what needed to be done.
The second type of colonial enterprise is the Royal colony. The people in these colonies were ruled by the crown and they did not have a say regarding the people who ran the colony, as the King was to one to appoint whomever he thought was appropriate for the job. An example of a Royal colony was North Carolina, which switched from the propriety type and was reorganized at the end of 1776 into the State of North Carolina. Last but not least, the Charter colony was a colony in which the crown granted a charter to the government which established the laws the members of the colony had to follow. Their main purpose was to make money and to gain as many goods as possible. Even though they were guided by a Chart from the King, the Charter colonies were definitely the most independent ones.
The motivations of the Southern and Northern colonies were quite different, as they fought for both the same and other purposes. The Northern colonies were driven by their desire to keep all their family members together and all they wanted was to be able to practice their religion in peace. On the other hand, the Southern colonies only wanted to make money, as they also brought their families in the colony and started huge businesses with large farms and plantations.
When it comes to the economy of the colonies, both Northern and Southern colonies were very involved into agriculture. However, the Northern colonies focused on fishing and whaling and lesser on actual crops, whereas the Southern colonies had vast areas of land where they built very big farms and worked the land. Another difference is the one regarding what they grew on the crops. The Northern colonies grow corn and wheat, and the Southern focused on exotic products such as tobacco, rice and indigo.
Religion in thee colonies was a very controversial problem, as the Northern and Southern colonies had different beliefs. The Puritans were the ones to found the Northern colonies whereas the Southern colonies were not very strict on religion, as they did not actually follow one. However, some of the people in the Southern colonies were Anglicans, which made them Catholic, but most of them were only laying their faith in their crops and the life they led, without leaving their fate into the hands of divinity.
As part of the British Empire, the Thirteen colonies were supposed to be under their type of government before they reorganized to start the American Revolution. This British government was a constitutional monarchy, where the government was run by the king and some matters were also influenced by an elected parliament. However, because England was over the ocean and travelling was quite hard to achieve regularly, the American colonies were on their own for almost 150 years, which led them to drastic changes.
The Thirteen colonies self-ruled and elected governors, judges and legislatures according to their own sets of rules, which led them to the concept that they could do this without being under the restriction of the British Empire. Furthermore, even though they did not travel to organize the colonies, the British Empire requested taxes from all the colonies, another fact that drove them to consider a revolution. Therefore, the lack of government involvement was clearly an important factor of the American Revolution because due to their appearing autonomy, the colonies realized that they could manage to become independent and reduce their costs to another empire which did not bother to act properly.
To come to a conclusion, the Thirteen Colonies of America have gathered their difference in order to fight for the same purpose: independence from the British Empire. And through consequence, ambition and diversity, they managed to obtain what they had wanted for such a long time. They managed to create the America people know today, the America everyone wants to live in and to accomplish their own dreams, driven by the success of the people that fought for their right. Their success is a vivid lesson of what the differences between nations can bring them together to fight for the same reason, as one, without giving into the temptation of discrimination or evclusivity.
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