The most pressing complexity in studying ancient history is the unavailability of recorded history which has been documented entirely on all human events. There has only been a fraction of them which can be relied on and much of all, those that are available have been affected by low level of literacy. The Roman Empire had the most literate cultures in the ancient world but most of its work that was widely read by the later historians is currently lost. Modern historians are left with only the options of undertaking archaeology or studying the sources text in order to better understand the ancient world.
The Roman artifacts do have the visual arts that are made in the Ancient Rome, and in the Roman Empire territories. The major categories of the Roman artifacts include; painting, mosaic work, sculpture and architecture. Others like coin die, metal work, ivory carvings, gem engraving, miniature, pottery and miniature book illustrations are at times regarded in our recent times as the minor forms of the Roman arts.
Though, the conventional outlook of the Roman artists is that they regularly copied and borrowed from the Greek precedents, more present investigation that the Roman artifacts are still an extremely creative pastiche that relies largely on the Greek models but at the same time encircling the native italic, Etruscan and the visual culture of the Egyptians.
The art of ancient Greece and Romans has exercised an enormous pressure on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. The Greeks influence had extended as far as the East with the conquest of Alexander the Great where the exchange of cultures was witnessed between Central Asians and the Indians. Historians holds that the these ancient arts were unique but they were forced to steadily decline as a result of the advent of Christianity that brought to an end the classical traditions by the end of 5th century AD. The current challenge to learn about these artefacts is that nothing survives except some painting on the walls of some tombs, some of which the quality has depreciated. The heightened shortage of metals in the middle ages led to some of the bronze sculptures and models being melted down to meet the demand.
About the pottery
This iconic black and red figure was formed I the period between the 6th to 4th centuries BC. The collections of such vessels required massive accuracy to produce and the means in which they were produced by the craftsmen is still understood. The pottery was not made for display but for everyday use except for the trophies won in games. Most of the surviving pottery consists of drinking vessels such as drinking bowls, water jars, jugs, cups and libation bowls. In earlier periods, they were also produced in large numbers mainly to be offered in temples and for local and domestic use, but they were of less artistic importance (Birch, 1958). They as well varied greatly in terms of styles and standards. Pots from Corinth and Athens were found as far as in Spain and Ukraine as they were exported as far as Greek.
The pot shows so much on one sculpture, such as the images inscribed on the face of the pot. I chose this kind of artifact as there are a lot of things to learn from, such as the culture of the people at that time, the economic activities and the level of civilization and artistic development.
What it says about my interest
The pottery displays the uniqueness of each and every ancient kingdom their advancement and skills in making of pottery. The attractive mix of contrasting colors mostly of red and black was symbolically used to show sophistication, elegance and at times a touch of mystery. The image on the face of the pot is a clear illustration of how human being viewed the power of heroism and prosperity in warfare. It seems that the growth and development of this spirit of superiority in wars and conquest was well displayed in these objects to keep the memory afresh and alive. The most successful kingdom inscribed the images of their heroes in common everyday used items like pots and bowls in a way of honor.
The use of clay as the basic raw material indicates the level of resource exploitation at that historic time. This is evident because more precious metals and other substances gained use in relation to satisfaction of different needs.
The other area of much interest is the connection between the ancient Roman and the American portrait (Elizabeth, 1996). The ancient Greek philosophy was much dominated by the Roman culture since in those times of the Greek philosophers had been residing in the empire but later expelled. But Roman arts and sculpture design was still junior as compared to Greek.
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The course will help and equip the learners with the past events and cultures of various settings and geographical locations. Like the renowned Roman orator Marcus Cicero stated, ‘to be ignorant of what happened before you were born is to always remain a child.’ It thus means, studying the past helps us get a clearer picture of the world around. There is an importance of studying ancient cultures and works of art because such study is the expected part of tradition and intellectual development (Armstrong, 1967). The differences that exist among cultures are of greatest interest, and the study about ancient cultures which is different from ours is important.History enables the students in understanding the actual fact about popular representations of the ancient societies. The study of ancient history equip a student with useful content as they emphasize on the use of sources and evidence to build up an argument and stress the use of writing to express ideas.
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