The term homelessness means a state in which a certain group of people who do not have a normal house. It may also mean a person not having the necessary support or resources. Homelessness may in addition imply individuals who spend their night inside a homeless shelter or other places that aren’t meant for a normal sleeping housing for people. The reason behind homelessness could be due to the fact that these people cannot manage to pay for both rent and food or because they are not in a position to sustain a secure and sufficient.
In the modern day world, millions of people all over the world persist to subsist without housing. This figure keeps on increasing each and every day. Family units are actually the quickest mounting fraction of the people who have no shelter and food. The state of homelessness is certain in towns and even in countryside societies. If appropriate measures are not taken by both the government and non-governmental organizations or even the churches, then the state of homelessness will be persistent.
Many individuals and organizations have come to the aid of the people without homes by offering foodstuffs, shelter and even health care. Some have in addition volunteered to study the reasons behind homelessness in our society. Better still, some have campaigned for policies which reply to the homelessness catastrophe. There are several reasons as to why the state of homelessness is rampant in the society. First, it is frequently occasioned by a catastrophe in an individual’s life. This condition could be linked to the altering accessibility of reasonable accommodation and leasing patterns. Second, homelessness could be as a result of state of joblessness. Third, it may be occasioned by ill-health, psychological disorder and violence within the family. Fourth, it could be due to divorce and natural calamities. Fifth, homelessness is occasioned by insufficiency of services for the people who are psychologically challenged. Sixth, gluttony and self interest may also be other reasons that contribute to the state of homelessness. The individuals without homes usually do not get the necessary family or government support as they face the catastrophe and usually, their confidence is down. Individuals who are homeless usually lose their confidence and become hopeless and sense disconnected from the community (Homelessness in Suburbs Increase, 2009, pA3).
Homeless People should be provided with Food and Shelter
Several nations of the world do offer a number of services that are meant to aid homeless individuals. Food, garments and even shelter is offered to these individuals by societal organizations that have been commissioned by the government or charity institutions. I strongly support the argument that homeless people should be provided with food and shelter and there are a number of reasons for this. First, if this people are provided with autonomous housing to set off, thus a requirement for crisis homeless sanctuary will not be there. Second, those people who lack shelter have been identified to engage in various kinds of criminal activities. The main motive for them committing the crimes is that they simply want to be sent to jail so that they can be provided with foodstuff and sanctuary. Thus in order to avert the state of lawlessness in our society, the government and other non-profit making organizations should endeavor to provide shelter and food to the homeless. Third, according to article twenty five of the universal declaration of human rights of the year nineteen hundred and forty eight, each mankind has a right to a lifestyle which is sufficient for the vigor and welfare of him/herself. This lifestyle should also be sufficient to her family unit. Therefore homeless persons should be provided with proper housing and food. Fourth, in accordance with the holy book of Christians, our creator (God) delivered the people who Israel who were homeless from the bondage of slavery in Egypt. Better still, Jesus used to administer the gospel to those people who were less fortunate. Thus, it is the responsibility of each individual to assist those persons who are homeless with food and shelter. By doing this, we shall be accomplishing God’s will. Last, homeless people should be offered with food and shelter since these people are usually compelled by circumstances to beg for food and money in the streets. However a number of cities have banned panhandling in the streets and as a result this people will have nothing to eat at the end of the day.
It is apparent that the state of homelessness is a global phenomenon. As a result, it is very important for each and every one of us to come up with solutions so as to curb this disaster. Firstly, we should strive to intermingle and walk with these persons since it tantamount to prevention of this catastrophe. Secondly, the government of United States of America requested several States to devise strategies which are aimed at reducing the state of homelessness. Hence housing first initiative was initiated which was aimed at providing a homeless individual with a house and relevant materials for maintaining the house. However several problems regarding this program have been experienced. Second, supportive housing is another initiative that was kick started with the aim of offering affordable housing to homeless people. Third, pedestrian villages were proposed in the year two thousand and seven. These villages were specifically meant to cater for the needs of the mentally challenged adults who are homeless. Lastly, transitional housing scheme has been established with the sole purpose of offering provisional houses for specific category of homeless people. They have been established so as to establish changeover of their residents into houses that are reasonable and stable (Homelessness in Suburbs Increase, 2009, pA3).
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Homelessness also concerns society, that is, the institutions, attitudes, and decisions that form the web of relationships in which we live. Homelessness emerges from the brokenness of society, from realities such as the breakdown of family, impoverished schools, low wages, the lack of employment opportunities, the diminishing supply of affordable housing for the poor, the absence of health insurance, and the Housing is a fundamental human right.  The United States government has stated its commitment to the goal that all citizens have decent housing and a suitable living environment (Federal Housing Act of 1949). Yet the policies and practices of governmental and economic institutions are not adequately responding to the crisis; indeed, some policies and practices actually contribute to homelessness. During the last decade the federal government has virtually withdrawn from low-income housing development and support. This has resulted in reduced options for low-income households. The absence of a genuine commitment at the federal level to provide the resources to address a critical shortage of affordable housing has exacerbated the problem of homelessness.
Certain attitudes among people who have housing both express and further contribute to society's brokenness. Negative feelings toward homeless persons run from indifference to fear to open hostility. Drawing on stereotypes, many view homeless people as lazy, shiftless, parasitic, and opportunistic. With a misguided sense of superiority, lines are drawn between "them" and "us." In some cases, those who suffer from political or economic policies are blamed for a situation they could not control. In many ways, people without housing are made to feel like unwanted outsiders, persons without rights and undeserving of respect.
Called to Care
God heard the cry of a homeless people and delivered them out of oppression in Egypt. Jesus, "who [had] nowhere to lay his head" (Luke 9:58), ministered with compassion to the poor and vulnerable. In practicing hospitality, we are promised to encounter the living Lord: "I was a stranger and you welcomed me" (Mat 25:35).
God's mandate concerning people who exist on the margins of society is clear: "Give justice to the weak and the orphan; maintain the right of the lowly and the destitute. Rescue the weak and the needy; deliver them from the hand of the wicked" (Pss 82:3-4). Working for justice with and for homeless people is doing God's will.
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We, too, participate in and are responsible for society's brokenness. Yet, confident of God's forgiveness, we are daily renewed, so we might turn from what dehumanizes people to accept anew responsibility for justice. Through the Gospel and the Holy Spirit, people with and without housing alike are incorporated into the church, God's new community founded on grace and faith, not on society's view of success or failure.
The Gospel does not provide ready-made solutions to homelessness. God's love in Jesus Christ does, however, move us to care for homeless people as God cares for all. Christians who have shelter are called to care, called to walk with homeless people in their struggle for a more fulfilling life and for adequate, affordable, and sustainable housing.
Walking with People Who Are Homeless
The reasons for homelessness are complex. The homeless population is diverse so that no one solution is going to be valid for the whole population. The realities vary from place to place. In addressing homelessness, therefore, members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America need to consider the many dimensions of this crisis.
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The church's ministry of Word and Sacrament is intended also for people who are homeless. Regrettably, this ministry is rare among those homeless, yet it is present. In these communities of faith, children are baptized, the Bible studied, mutual support given, forgiveness proclaimed, the Eucharist celebrated, and the dead entrusted to God. Where God's love for people who are homeless is heard and lived, hope is engendered that breaks the downward spiral of life. We walk with people who are homeless when they are empowered to defend their own rights. Is this a ministry which your congregation can and should offer?
As long as there are people without housing, Christians who have dwellings are called upon to assist homeless persons to provide for their basic needs. Numerous congregations and social ministry organizations of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America do this, offering food, shelter, respect, care, and counseling to the homeless. Many volunteers give of themselves in food pantries, shelters, group homes, and other forms of service with the homeless. People are working to provide transitional and permanent housing, including programs that encourage and support home ownership. What does your congregation do? What might it do?
In many cases, a shelter ministry of a congregation is a beginning in which to explore the realities of homelessness. Temporary shelter for people who are homeless is an emergency measure. Adequate housing is needed for humane living. Educational programs can help us to understand better our personal and public responsibility for homelessness. By engaging in conversation with homeless persons, congregations can learn directly from them. Congregations can study what our church's state and federal advocacy is doing in relation to homelessness and support these efforts. How does education within your congregation address homelessness? 
Christians walk with the homeless when they join with others to voice deep concern about homelessness, ask hard questions, and advocate policies that seek to provide job training, employment opportunities, housing, education, health care, and support for the homeless. While as Christians we may differ in our views on what policies will be most effective, we ought not overlook the need for new and sustained initiatives by government, businesses, and non-profit organizations, including church groups. Church leaders are challenged to help create the public will to eliminate homelessness. What do you and your congregation do to advocate for those without shelter?
Equally important are the will and wisdom to keep even more children, women, and men from becoming homeless. Walking with people who are homeless includes the responsibility to prevent homelessness. We are called to be aware of and concerned for people in our midst who are vulnerable to losing their housing. Neighborhood and community initiatives are needed. Effective political and economic policies to assure housing, employment, literacy, and health services for low-income families can help people who are potentially homeless.
Let the church pray for a renewal of commitment to walk more closely with and among people who are homeless and who are at risk of becoming homeless in their daily struggles, sufferings, and hopes.
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