In the modern society, various technologies are evolving with the aim of making human life better. Most of the evolving technologies can be classified as having both merits and demerits. The merits and demerits will depend on how people perceive the given technologies. A good example of such technologies is human cloning technology. MacKinnon (2000) defines human cloning as the process by which genetically identical copies of a human being are created. Human cloning technology refers to artificial human cloning. The human cloning ethics is a very controversial issue in the contemporary society. Naturally, human cloning leads to identical twins, which is a commonplace in human society. There are two types of artificial human cloning, namely reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning (Humber & Almeder, 1998). In therapeutic cloning, cells are acquired from an adult human being and cloned to be used in medicine (MacKinnon, 2000). Reproductive cloning involves creating cloned human beings (MacKinnon, 2000). It is illegal to perform reproductive cloning. Impacts of artificial human cloning and human responsibilities will be considered.
Human therapeutic cloning can be a source of genetically identical tissues and organs that are used in transplantation. According to MacKinnon (2000), such tissues and organs would be more compatible than the naturally acquired transplants and will be used for the treatment of diseases such as heart disease, and cancer. Therefore, the field of medicine will significantly benefit from this new technology. Unlike human therapeutic cloning, human reproductive cloning has been a very controversial issue (Woodward, 2005). A number of people perceive human reproductive cloning as a useful technology because infertile parents can give rise to biological children, which is not possible naturally (MacKinnon, 2000). Some scientists argue that artificial human cloning can obviate the ageing process in human beings. Ethical implications of human cloning technology include complicating the parenting role within a family (Woodward, 2005). For instance, a male DNA donor will be the genetic twin to the clone, rather than father, complicating the social and genetic relationship between father and his child. Human cloning will also give rise to a human being with high disability and deformity rates. Therefore, giving rise to a human being who will suffer the whole of his or her life is perceived really unethical (Woodward, 2005).
It is the responsibility of human beings refute what they believe is unethical, and accept what positively transforms their lives. Evolving technologies can be considered as useful or unethical in human society. Artificial human cloning has been considered as among the evolving technologies. It will solve the problem of sterility in human beings and at the same time complicate the family structure. Human therapeutic cloning is useful in medicine especially in the treatment of cancer and heart disease. Artificial human cloning will also give rise to human beings with higher rates of disability and deformity.