Israel and Palestine have been aggressive towards each other for more than five decades. There have been ceasefire attempts with no successful results. With the reference to reports, both sides grieved countless damages, but the Palestinians are believed to suffer more than their Israeli opponents. With the combats advancing, women in Palestine are undergoing extreme agony from injuries and other emotional tribulations. However, there is no compassion between the sides, and none is concerned with the pain of the rival. On one hand, the author of the chosen picture targets an international audience demonstrating the true picture of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. One the other hand, the photographer also targets the Palestinian audience trying to bring to their attention what they have lost to Israel. If the picture was representing peace, according to the gesture of the Israeli woman, her facial expression would have been different. The expression of the Israeli women is that of contempt, superiority and supremacy. The picture has a political purpose, as may be extrapolated from its features. This essay will rhetorically analyze the image, evaluate the concepts in use, and will discuss how the artist has been able to use them to communicate with his audience. Through this picture, the photographer communicates with the audience via the application of rhetorical ideas of emotional appeal, credibility, and reasoning.
The author of any piece of art uses particular rhetorical aspects to communicate with the audience. The goal of the audience is to analyze them by considering how effectively the artist employs these techniques. The chosen illustration shows an Israeli woman facing Palestinian women who are seated. In addition, Palestinian policemen are captured in the background. However, the picture does not focus on the men behind the Israeli woman. It focuses on the Palestinian women who are crying, while the Israelite seems to be ridiculing them. The creator of this illustration had in mind the audience when capturing the image. While designing the picture to serve a political purpose, the creator, first of all, employs logos - the reasoning that the woman in the front considers herself to be in a better position related to others. He further employs ethos - credibility, or support of Israel having the upper hand in the conflict. With the slightest clue about the struggle, the audience is able to relate the proceeds of the war with better positioning of the Israeli related to Palestinians. Lastly, the photographer employs pathos - an emotional appeal to the audience - in order to emphasize his idea. Presenting the Palestinian women crying, while the Israelite seems to be ridiculing them, is an attempt to motivate the audience to agree with his point of view.
Looking at how the photographer uses ethos in this piece of art, it is evident that he portrays authority, strength and at the same time inhumane reaction from the side of Israelites. Portraying of the Israeli woman as standing and ridiculing other women who are crying is a symbol of both strength and indifference. To stand amidst the people that are seated is a symbol of authority. The Israelite is represented as honorable, powerful, and exceptional, while others are perceived to be lower. Moreover, the facial expression of the female in the front is another authority indicator. While others seem terrified, she looks self-assured. This contrasting representation insists on the superiority of Israel over Palestine in the battle. The illustrator also emphasizes facial expressions of the two boys accompanying the Israeli woman as a sharp contrast to those seated beside the Palestinian women, which again portrays authority. The outspoken expression of the political differences between the two countries in the picture proves the photographer’s credibility and authority on his subject. The use of this rhetoric concept is strong and effective in this piece.
The creator’s use of logos, or reasoning, in the illustration is effectively communicated to the audience. The Israeli woman looks down at her fellow women, which is a point of leveling of the subjects. In other words, both Israel and Palestine are equal in the same way that these women are, but there are certain hindrances that deny their equal opportunities. The equality feature is further emphasized by the fact that the Israelite has kids, as well as Palestinians do. However, the Israeli woman is standing, while the rest are struggling to fit on one bench. The features of this picture are symbolic of what is happening in reality between Israel and Palestine. When the Israelite has space to stand with her kids, the Palestinians can only crumple together. The facial expression of the Israeli woman is that of contempt, and not pity, towards her crying opponents. This expression of indifference demonstrates the hard feelings between the combating states. In addition, some Palestinian women answer with same gesture. This response shows that it is not only the Israelites who are bitter with Palestinians, but so are the Palestinians who hate the sight of an Israelite.
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What is more, the creator strongly uses pathos - an emotional appeal - to communicate with the audience about the Israeli-Palestinian conflicting situation. To begin with, the inclusion of children in the image proves that the rivalry between the two countries is hurting innocent children. The use of children who reciprocate the expressions and feeling of their mothers assures the viewers that the conflict is affecting children, and it is making them adopt the ideology of their parents. In addition, the portrayal of crying women is a symbol of desperation, pain and hopelessness. Women feel insecure because of the war problems marring their nation. Crying Palestinian women call for mercy and consideration, which seems not to be forthcoming from Israel. Instead of being compassionate with the crying women, the Israelite shows no concern, and is possibly rejoicing in their pain. The indifference of the woman causes indifference from the other women, though they are both in pain. The photographer manages to prompt the viewers to agree with his point of view concerning the conflict.
As a result, the use of three rhetorical concepts - ethos, logos and pathos - is considerably successful in this illustration. The image creator succeeds in communicating with the target viewers. The picture is detailed so that it only takes little knowledge of the conflict to tell what it means. The use of symbols supports the main idea communicated by the picture. Symbolism aids the creator’s use of rhetorical concepts in his piece. He also balances the effectiveness of the three rhetorical concepts to bring out a strong effect. Through the effective use of rhetorical notions, the piece succeeds in its purpose. The picture seeks to bring to the light the truth of what is happening between Palestine and Israel. All things considered, it succeeds in this political motive.
In conclusion, the hostility between Israel and Palestine does not seem to be ceasing. In order to put an end to this aggression, it is important to identify its root causes. The use of reasoning allows to extrapolate that inequality is among the root causes of this conflict. In addition, it is clear from the emotional appeal attached to the picture that the indifference of both sides only worsens an already dreadful situation. Lastly, it is evident through authority that solution will only be forthcoming if two sides reach a point of agreement. The perceived superiority of one side over the other will only fuel the continuity of the hostility. Through ethos, logos and pathos, the picture communicates to the audience the causes and possible solutions to the hostility between Palestine and Israel.
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