If you want your future abstract to be different from the rest of either excellently or poorly written abstracts stored in some electronic database, it is your duty to do all the best to make it an interesting introduction to your entire research paper. For this very reason, a sufficient amount of time has to be devoted to structuring and writing the abstract which is nothing else but a short summary of your thoughts, findings and a huge research work done in order to write a paper. Follow our writing the abstract guide not to overlook general qualities the abstract has to comprise.
Before proceeding to the basic steps of writing the abstract, let us advise you to work on it after you’ve actually finished writing your paper. Why? The answer is simple and logical. Because this way, you’ll have a solid background represented by your paper that will keep you directed. It will also be easier for you to formulate, summarize and reveal the key ideas as you’ll be able to highlight them in advance.
Back to general qualities of the abstract, it has to consist of several main sections including background/introduction, methods, results and discussion/conclusions. Each section is important and can’t be omitted as bears its unique purpose.
Succinct background/introduction has an aim to get the reader acquainted with a topic, inform about the reasons for choosing this specific issue and state the purpose of your research. The first section of your abstract shouldn’t be very long. Two or three sentences are usually enough to build the background/introduction part and move on further.
Methods section explains what methods were used to conduct a research and get the results. Methodology section is usually longer than background/introduction and smaller than results section. In this part of the carefully written abstract, the reader can always find the details of the undergone research like numbers of people, selected groups, sizes, doses, duration of the experiment etc.
To describe, impress and get interested use your results section as a heavy artillery. As far as in most cases the reader is more interested in findings and results of your research rather than any other aspect of your work, your task is to supply the reader with what he or she wants. Include as many informative details, impressive results, and data that would be new to the reader as possible. Of course, you won’t be able to describe and mention everything you’d like to and it’s for better. In the results section, you warm up the reader! Not showing all the cards helps to allure the reader proceed to read your whole paper.
Discussion/conclusions section is aimed at summarizing the primary reasons of opting for a certain issue, explaining how methods used in the research helped in receiving the results and what the perspectives of the findings of your paper are. In the discussion/conclusion part demonstrate only the data that is investigated and described in your research paper. It is not obligatory to express your own opinion concerning the theory and value of the results. Though, it wouldn’t count as the irrelevant information.
Although, you abstract depends a lot on your writing skills, following basic steps of successful creation of the abstract will definitely help you achieve the desired result and make your abstract really outstanding.