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The American object I chose is of young women skipping a rope, and it is known as the Jovencitas brincando la cuerda. It was made by an artist called Rufino Tamayo, who was a Mexican, and it dated year 1942 to 1944. The artist lived in the period of 1899 to 1991. The size of the object is 33 1/2 by 43 1/2 inches. It is made of oil on a canvas surface. It is located at the Dallas Museum of Art, at the Foundation for the Arts Collection among the presents given to Elizabeth B. Blake.
The object is rich in colors and is powerfully-built. At least all the architectural aspects in this object are of boisterously active women, portraying the potency of the classical indigenous arts that have their origin in Mexico. It antedates the conquest and traces back to the allegorical start of civilization of the Americans (Christie’s)
Rufino Tamayo, an Indian from Zapotec, was to a large extent self-taught, as he had spent entirely his youthful life drawing folk art in Mexican museums, which greatly influenced his mature style. He also got inspired by Georges Braque as well as Pablo Picasso, whose passion was in the African as well as in the Oceanic art (Myers).
The geometric shapes in the object add to the conceptualized forms of young women skipping a rope and bring to mind these diverse impacts. The theme is based on the recreational activities the young women of the Mexican culture indulged in, which shows the open mind the artist had.
Art Objects From Europe
The sculpture of Madonna and Child dates back to the beginning quarter of 15th century. Its size is 58.12 by 25.73 by 18.11 cm. It was made of sandstone with few vestiges of gold and polychrome. It is geographically located in France (Christie’s). Their credit lines are in Dallas Museum of Art in Munger Fund.
The sculpture portrays elegance and sadness of the Virgin Mary and his child, who is believed by the Christians to be Jesus Christ. In this object, Mary moves her body graciously, thus forming an S-curve. This is characteristic of the late Gothic sculpture. Mary is honored as the Queen of the Heavens.
The Virgin's melancholic attitude comes from her prior knowledge of the fate of her son. This message was also conveyed by her son, Christ Child, as well as it was mentioned in the prophetic texts. Mary, the mother of Jesus, was an interesting theme of devotion during the end of the middle Ages, thus making tiny sculptures such as these ones extremely famous across Europe. Medieval sculpture was commonly bright in color and vestiges of polychrome as well as gilding, which are present on this sculpture as well as on that of St. Sebastian (Myers)
The artists of these sculptures include Henry Moore, Leonardo da Vinci, Caravaggio, Michelangelo, Rubens Giovanni Bellini, and Salvador Dali, since the sculptures are available in different sizes (Arnason 98).
This sculpture succeeds in achieving its theme as it is widely adopted among the Christians of all the generations including the artisans, crusaders, saints and mothers across the world.
Asian Art Object
The Virabhadra, a 16th century sculpture, is made of stone material. It is of the overall size 61 1/4 by 27 1/2 by 13 3/8 inches. It is found in the Dallas Museum of Art, as a present given to Alvin and David Owsley by the Alvin and Lucy Owsley Foundation in a commemoration of Alvin Owsley, the Colonel by the help of the Wendover Fund. Its geographic location is in South India.
The god Shiva of the Hindu is portrayed in this case in a warlike manner as Virabhadra, which in lay language means a ‘distinguished hero’. The artist depicts the anger of the god who had not been invited to a significant sacrifice of their religion. The god had been angered by his father in law, thus chopping off his head (Arnason 56).
He later asks for forgiveness and maintains the patriarch with the head of a ram that can be seen on the lower left side of the art work. Shiva is depicted as wrathful, since he is a fierce armed warrior who is in touch with a bow and arrows as well as a sword and shield. The purpose of the sculpture that is placed on the temple's entrance is to drive the evil (Myers 19)
African Art Object
The African Water pipe in the form of a seated female figure dates back to the late 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. It measures 15 5/8 by5 3/8 by 4 1/16 inches. It is made of wood, hide, plant fiber, and glass beads material. It is located in Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is of the Kanyok people and culture (Arnason 53). It was made after the introduction of tobacco by the Portuguese to West Africa in the seventeenth century, immediately after its discovery in America. Access to tobacco was important to the African rulers. The usage of Tobacco motivated artists to make pipes for their supervisors, who were either African or European. The unique Kanyok water pipe is made in the form of a seated woman with a swollen stomach, and it operates as the water chamber, in which the smoke is made to cool before it is taken in.